寧波澳门国际生物醫藥有限公司
行業動態
FDA行業指南: 委托生產質量協議

Your Preferred Partner to Compliance


INTRODUCTION 前言

This guidance describes FDA's current thinking on defining, establishing, and documenting manufacturing activitiesof the parties involved in contract drug manufacturing subject to current good manufacturing practice (CGMP) requirements.  In particular, we describe how parties involved in contract drug manufacturing can use quality agreements to delineate their manufacturing activities to ensure compliance with CGMP.
本指南講述了FDA當前對於受到CGMP約束的藥品委托生產所涉及各方如何定義、設立和記錄生產活動的看法,尤其是藥品委托各方如何使用質量協議來描繪其生產活動,以確保符合CGMP。

For purposes of this guidance, we use certain terms with the following specific meanings:
在本指南中,我們使用了特定的術語,其在指南中的含義如下:
Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) refers to requirements in the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act), section 501(a)(2)(B), for all drugs and active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs). For finished human and animal drugs, the term includes applicable requirements under 21 CFR parts 210 and 211. For biologics, the term includes additional applicable requirements under 21 CFRparts 600-680.
CGMP:指FD&C法案第501(a)(2)(B)中對所有製劑和原料藥的要求。對於人用和獸用製劑,該術語包括21CFR第210和211部分中適用的要求。對於生物製品,術語還包括21CFR第600-680部分中適用的額外要求。
Commercial manufacturing refers to manufacturing processes that result in a drug or drugs intended to be marketed, distributed, or sold.
商業化生產:指準備用於上市銷售的藥品的生產過程。
Commercial manufacturing does not include research and development activities, manufacturing of material for investigational new drug studies (e.g., clinical trials, expanded access), or manufacturing of material for veterinary investigational drugs. Although this guidance does not explicitly apply to the manufacture of investigational, developmental, or clinical trial materials, FDA believes that quality agreements can be extremely valuablein delineating the activities of all parties involved in contract research and development arrangements.  Many of the principles described in this guidance could be applied in pre-commercial stages of the pharmaceutical life cycle.
商業化生產並不包括研發活動、臨床新藥研究用原料的生產(例如,臨床試驗、擴大使用麵),以及獸用臨床藥所用原料的生產。雖然本指南並未明確指出適用於臨床前、研發、和臨床研究用原料,但FDA相信質量協議在描繪委托研發安排中所有各方活動時會極有價值。本指南中所述的許多原則可以使用於藥品生命周期中商業化之前的階段。
Manufacturing includes processing, packing, holding, labeling operations, testing, and quality unit operations.
生產:包括加工、包裝、保存、貼標操作、檢測和質量部門操作。
A manufactureris anentity that engages in CGMP activities, including implementation of oversight and controls over the manufacture of drugs to ensure quality[2].
生產商:指從事CGMP活動,包括實施藥品生產監管和控製以確保質量的實體。
Quality unit is defined as synonymous with the term quality control unit[3].
質量部門:與質量控製部門是同義詞。

This guidance covers commercial manufacturing of the following categoriesof drugs:  human drugs, veterinary drugs, certain combination products, biological and biotechnology products, finished products, APIs, drug substances, in-process materials, and drug constituents of combination drug/device products[4]. This guidance does not cover the following types of products:  Type A medicated articles and medicated feed, medical devices, dietary supplements, or human cells, tissues, or cellular or tissue-based products regulated solely under section 361 of the Public Health Service Actand 21 CFR part 1271.
本指南覆蓋以下類型的藥品商業生產:人用藥、獸用藥、部分藥械組合產品、生物製品和生物技術藥品、製劑、原料藥、藥用物質、在製物料以及藥械組合產品中的藥物成分。本指南不覆蓋以下類型的產品:A類藥用材料和藥用飼料、醫療器械、膳食補充劑以及僅受到公共衛生服務法案第361部分和21CFR第1271部分管理人體細胞、組織和細胞/組織衍生產品。

In general, FDA's guidance documents do not establish legally enforceable responsibilities. Instead, guidances describe the Agency's current thinking on a topic and should be viewed only as recommendations, unless specific regulatory or statutory requirements are cited. The use of the word should in Agency guidances means that something is suggested or recommended, but not required.
一般來說,FDA的指南文件並沒有法定強製力。相反,指南描述的隻是當局目前對某個議題的看法,除其中所引用的法律法規要求外,其它內容應該隻是作為建議來看待。SHOULD一詞在當局指南中隻是表示建議或推薦某事,並不是強製要求。

返回主目錄
 
點擊這裏給我發消息
在線客服01
點擊這裏給我發消息
在線客服02
點擊這裏給我發消息
在線客服03